Organization of maritime transport
Maritime transport in international imports is extremely important. It allows for economical and safe transport of various types of goods in huge quantities. Maritime transport is organized by sea freight forwarders.
Maritime transport management is a complex process consisting of planning, negotiating, and controlling the goods from loading in the port to the final destination. The transport process can be divided into several stages, describing the individual duties of the sea freight forwarder.
Organization of sea transport
1. The first step of the sea freight forwarder after receiving the order from the customer will be the selection of the appropriate type of transport. There are many types of transport ships and sea containers available on the market, which are adapted to various types of cargo. These include general cargo or loose goods that require different storage during transport.
2. Then, the offers of various shipowners are compared, the routes and terms of transport that meet the customer's expectations are checked. At this stage, a preliminary transport valuation is created. However, the final cost may differ from the valuation, because ports often charge financial penalties for waiting too long at the container terminal. Another factor affecting the price is the duties imposed by the customs office. However, an experienced forwarder takes these factors into account, which is why he includes them in the valuation.
3. An important aspect when organizing transport by sea is the care for detailed documentation. It includes bills of lading, invoices, certificates and insurance, in the absence of which there are often delays in delivery. The freight forwarder is usually responsible for insuring the goods.
4. The organization of maritime transport is also associated with monitoring the loading and unloading of goods at the port. The person responsible for organizing the transport should ensure that these processes run smoothly and safely.
5. If the loading has been done correctly and the cargo is on its way, the freight forwarder should monitor the ship's route. Currently, advanced systems, communicators and reports are used to track sea shipments, which are constantly updated. Thanks to this, you can keep the customer informed about the progress of the transport, if necessary.
6. The transport organizer must be prepared for any problems that may arise on the route. Maritime transport is usually calmer than road transport, but you should be vigilant and react quickly to any difficulties that arise.
7. In addition, it is often necessary to arrange delivery from port to destination by land. In such situations, depending on the type of goods, road or rail transport is used. Groupage shipments are usually further transported by trucks, while bulk cargo is reloaded onto freight trains.
The organization of maritime transport is demanding, because the sea freight forwarder must demonstrate extensive knowledge and experience. International law and maritime trade is quite a complicated process, which is why customers willingly entrust it to experienced forwarding companies to avoid possible problems during transport. If you are wondering what sea container will fit your goods, use Smartload and plan the loading in a few minutes!